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Хомосексуалността е грях: Фестивалът на гей прайда в Южна Корея

Написано от Юрген Т Щайнмет

Хиляди членове на лесбийска, гей, бисексуална и транссексуална (ЛГБТ) общност от Корея, смесени с туристи от цяла Азия и извън нея, излязоха на улицата за фестивала на гей прайда в Южна Корея днес. Те поискаха по-добро равенство в страната след като Тайван миналия месец стана първата азиатска държава, която легализира еднополовите бракове.

Хомосексуалността не е незаконна в Южна Корея, но Западният окръжен съд в Сеул отхвърли предложението за разрешаване на еднополови бракове през 2016 г.

Междувременно, отсреща, стотици протестиращи срещу ЛГБТ, предимно от църкви, организираха митинг и скандираха лозунги като „Без еднополови бракове“ и „Хомосексуалността е грях“.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (ЛГБТ) people in Южна Кореа face legal challenges and discrimination not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in South Korea, but marriage or other forms of legal partnership are not available to same-sex partners.

Homosexuality in South Korea is not specifically mentioned in either the South Korean Constitution or in the Civil Penal Code. Article 31 of the National Human Rights Commission Act states that “no individual is to be discriminated against on the basis of his or her sexual orientation”. However, Article 92 of the Military Penal Code, which is currently under a legal challenge, singles out sexual relations between members of the same sex as “sexual harassment”, punishable by a maximum of one year in prison. The Military Penal Code does not make a distinction between consensual and non-consensual crimes and names consensual intercourse between homosexual adults as “reciprocal rape” (Hangul)

But a military court ruled in 2010 that this law is illegal, saying that homosexuality is a strictly personal issue. This ruling was appealed to South Korea’s Constitutional Court, which has not yet made a decision.

Transgender people are allowed to undergo sex reassignment surgery in South Korea after the age of 20, and can change their gender information on official documents. Harisu is South Korea’s first transgender entertainer, and in 2002 became only the second person in South Korea to legally change gender.

General awareness of homosexuality remained low among the Korean public until recently, with increased awareness and debate coming to the issue, as well as gay-themed entertainment in mass media and recognizable figures and celebrities, such as Hong Seok-cheon, coming out in public. But gay and lesbian Koreans still face difficulties at home and work, and many prefer not to reveal their identities to their family, friends or co-workers.

Информираността за проблемите, с които се сблъскват ЛГБТ южнокорейците, обаче постепенно се повишава и социологическите проучвания показват, че солидни мнозинства от южнокорейците подкрепят закони, които защитават ЛГБТ хората от дискриминация, включително при заетост, настаняване и обществени квартири.

In August 2017, the Supreme Court ordered the Government to allow “Beyond the Rainbow”, an LGBT rights foundation, to register as a charity with the Ministry of Justice. Without official registration, the foundation was unable to receive tax-deductible donations and operate in full compliance with the law.

 Additionally, the South Korean Government voted in favor of a 2014 United Nations resolution aimed at overcoming discrimination against LGBT people.